Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. This can lead to serious health problems including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and even leg or foot amputatuions. However, there are also some oral health implications associated with diabetes. The most common and potentially harmful oral health problems are gingivitis and periodontitis, which is a more severe form of gum disease where the gums and bone supporting the teeth beocome seriously damaged and result in tooth and bone loss.
Patients with inadequeate blood surgar control appear to develop periodontitis more often and more severely and lose more teeth than those who control their diabetes. And because diabetes reduces the body's resistance to infection, the gums are among the tissues likely to be affected. If you have diabetes, it's improtant that you also maintain good oral hygiene and visti your dentist regularly to prevent periodontal disease and other health complications from developing.